Tango has its roots in the streets of Buenos Aires and Montevideo in the Rio de la Plata basin. In the middle of the nineteenth century the African slaves of the city used to gather in specific venues and express themselves through this particular dance. It has been stated that this dance was originally performed exclusively by men due to the uneven distribution of men and women in the area because of the extensive immigration that resulted in a majority of the male population.
Thus, in order to seduce a woman, men were supposed to compete in tango. Therefore, they practiced tango systematically, increasingly improving the quality of their performance.
Because of its being associated with the lower classes, Tango was rejected by the elite of Buenos Aires and Montevideo. However, in 1880 the introduction in the European community of a new musical instrument, the timbre of which perfectly matched the Tango melodies, as well as the new versification style of the 1900s, referring to lost lovers, longing for the past and love for Tango, written in the language spoken in the streets of Buenos Aires and Montevideo, led to the rapid propagation of the dance throughout Europe. Europeans subsequently modeled Tango to make it more decorous, molding it into the form of the European Tango that later became exceptionally popular among the upper classes.
Nowadays Tango has become exceptionally popular, especially due to tango shows, festivals and contests, organized and attended by professional dancers.